Chapter 9. "Of Free Will."

  1. God hath endued the Will of Man, with that natural liberty, and power of acting upon choice; that it is [1] neither forced, nor by any necessity of nature determined to do good or evil.

    [1] Matthew 17:12; Deuteronomy 30:19.

  2. Man in his state of innocency, had freedom, and power, to will, and to do that [2] which was good, and well-pleasing to God; but yet [3] was mutable, so that he might fall from it.

    [2] Ecclesiastes 7:29;
    [3] Genesis 3:6.

  3. Man by his fall into a state of sin hath wholly lost [4] all ability of Will, to any spiritual good accompanying salvation; so as a natural man, being altogether averse from that good, [5] and dead in Sin, is not able, by his own strength, to [6] convert himself; or to prepare himself thereunto.

    [4] Romans 5:6; Romans 8:7;
    [5] Ephesians 2:1, 5;
    [6] Titus 3:3-5; John 6:44.

  4. When God converts a sinner, and translates him into the state of Grace [7] he freeth him from his natural bondage under sin, and by his grace alone, enables him [8] freely to will, and to do that which is spiritually good; yet so as that by reason of his [10] remaining corruptions he doth not perfectly nor only will that which is good; but doth also will that which is evil.

    [7] Colossians 1:13; John 8:36;
    [8] Philippians 2:13;
    [9] Romans 7:15, 18-19, 21-23.

  5. The Will of Man is made [10] perfectly, and immutably free to good alone, in the state of Glory only.

    [10] Ephesians 4:13.