Chapter 11. "Of Justification."

  1. Those whom God Effectually calleth, he also freely [1] justifieth, not by infusing Righteousness into them, but by [2] pardoning their sins, and by accounting, and accepting their Persons as [3] Righteous; not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ's sake alone, not by imputing faith it self, the act of beleiving, or any other [4] evangelical obedience to them, as their Righteousness; but by imputing Christ's active obedience unto the whole Law, and passive obedience in his death, for their whole and sole Righteousness, they [5] receiving, and resting on him, and his Righteousness, by Faith; which faith they have not of themselves, it is the gift of God.

    [1] Romans 3:24; Romans 8:30;
    [2] Romans 4:5-8; Ephesians 1:7;
    [3] 1 Corinthians 1:30-31; Romans 5:17-19;
    [4] Philippians 3:8-9; Ephesians 2:8-10;
    [5] John 1:12; Romans 5:17.

  2. Faith thus receiving and resting on Christ, and his Righteousness, is the [6] alone instrument of Justification: yet it is not alone in the person justified, but is ever accompanied with all other saving Graces, and is no dead faith, [7] but worketh by love.

    [6] Romans 3.28.
    [7] Galatians 5:6; James 2:17, 22, 26.

  3. Christ by his obedience, and death, did fully discharge the debt of all those that are justified; and did by the sacrifice of himself, in the blood of his cross, undergoing in their stead, the penalty due unto them: make a proper, real and full satisfaction [8] to Gods justice in their behalf: yet in as much as he was given by the Father for them, and his Obedience and Satisfaction accepted in their stead, and both [9] freely, not for any thing in them; their Justification is only of Free Grace, that both the exact justice and rich Grace of God, might be [10] glorified in the Justification of sinners.

    [8] Hebrews 10:14; 1 Peter 1:18-19; Isaiah 53:5-6;
    [9] Romans 8:32; 2 Corinthians 5:21;
    [10] Romans 3:26; Ephesians 1:6-7; Ephesians 2:7.

  4. God did from all eternity decree to [11] justify all the Elect, and Christ did in the fullness of time die for their sins, and rise [12] again for their Justification; Nevertheless they are not justified personally, until the Holy Spirit, doth in due time [13] actually apply Christ unto them.

    [11] Galatians 3:8; 1 Peter 1:2; 1 Timothy 2:6;
    [12] Romans 4:25;
    [13] Colossians 1:21-22; Titus 3:4-7.

  5. God doth continue to [14] Forgive the sins of those that are justified, and although they can never fall from the state of [15] justification; yet they may by their sins fall under Gods [16] Fatherly displeasure; and in that condition, they have not usually the light of his Countenance restored unto them, until they [17] humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew their faith, and repentance.

    [14] Matthew 6:12; 1 John 1:7, 9;
    [15] John 10:28;
    [16] Psalm 89:31-33;
    [17] Psalm 32:5; Matthew 26:75.

  6. The Justification of Believers under the Old Testament was in all these respects, [18] one and the same with the justification of Believers under the New Testament.

    [18] Galatians 3:9; Romans 4:22-24.