An ACCOUNT of the most memorable

Things in 

The Life of the Reverend Mr. JAMES DURHAM

of Easter Powrie, Minister of the Gospel at Glasgow.

MR. James Durham was born about the year 1622, and lineally descended from the ancient and honourable family of Grange Durham, in the parish of Monufeith, and Shire of Angus. He was the eldest son of John Durham of Easter Powrie, esq. Having gone through all the parts of useful learning with great success and applause, he left the university, and it seems had no design of prosecuting his studies farther. In the time of the civil wars, several gentlemen in this kingdom appeared in arms for the cause of religion, and liberties of their country, and Mr. Durham was chosen captain of a numerous company; while thus employed, he behaved not only with prudence and courage, but devotion, and prayed frequently to God with his company. When the Scot's army were to fight against the king and the English army, Mr. Durham, a little before the battle began, called his soldiers together; and when he began to pray, the Revd. Mr. David Dickson happened to meet with them, and hearing the voice of one whom he imagined to be their chaplain, immediately lighted from his horse, and joined with them; after prayer, Mr. Dickson solemnly charged him as soon as the war was over to devote himself to the ministry. This with an accident that happened afterwards, viz. being ready to be struck down by an English soldier, who observing his grave deportment, black cloths and band, cried out, if he was a priest. To which Mr. Durham answered, I am God's priest, on which he spared his life. These two, determined him to go and study divinity, which he did under Mr. Dickson at Glasgow, and made such proficiency therein, that he was soon licensed to preach the gospel by the presbytery of Irvine 1646, as to the manner of his call to be minister in Glasgow, refer the reader to the memoirs of his life prefixed to the commentary on the Revelation, and his treatise on scandal.

Mr. Durham had such a deep sense of the weight and importance of the pastoral charge, that he usually said to his brethren, page_vi that if he were to live ten years longer than he had done, he would choose to spend nine years in the study of these things that would be the subject of his discourse the tenth year. And it was justly thought by many, that the intent and assiduous prosecution of his studies and numerous writings yet preserved, did call him into that consumption which brought on his death.

Some days before he died, he seemed to be in some perplexity about his future well-being, and said to Mr. Carstairs, Dear brother, for all that I have written or preached, there is but one scripture I can now remember or dare grip unto when I am hastening to the grave, Whosoever cometh unto me, I will in no wise cast out. Pray tell me, if I dare lay the weight of my salvation upon it, to which Mr. Carstairs justly replied, Brother, you may depend upon it, tho' you had a thousand salvations at hazard. He departed this life, the 25th of June 1658, in the thirty sixth year of his age. No minister was more universally lamented, as he died in the flower and vigour of his age, gifts and graces; and as his labours and writings always conduced to the advancement of solid practical religion, so his praise in the gospel, is in all the churches of Christ at home and abroad, For the Righteous shall be had in everlasting remembrance, when the memory of the wicked shall rot.

Upon the 27th of June 1658, his Revd. colleague Mr. Carstairs preached two excellent sermons, and upon Monday a third, when his worthy friend was buried, from Isaiah 57:1-2. The Righteous perisheth, and no man layeth it to heart, and merciful men are taken away, none considering that the righteous are taken away from the evil to come. He shall enter into peace. Where he represented the great loss of such an eminent pastor, and gave him a very just character. All the ministers of Glasgow, and the neighbouring country, also justly bemoaned his death in their sermons, and prayers; particularly, the reverend Mr. David Vetch minister of the gospel in Govan, spoke many things concerning him at the end of his sermon in the afternoon; he, in a very solemn and affectionate manner, took his leave of his congregation, declaring he would soon follow his dear brother Mr. Durham, who was gone to heaven but a few days before him, and would never preach again in that place. Accordingly, he fell sick that evening, and died next day, about the same time page_vii Mr. Durham was interred. I am well assured that this eminently good man was recommended by Mr. Durham as the most proper person to supply his place in the Inner-Church, after his decease: But he was not mentioned with Mr. Rodgers, and some others, to the magistrates and ministers, a few days before his death. And when the said Mr. Durham was asked why he did not name Mr. Vetch, he replied to his friend, That brother is too ripe for glory, to be transported from his own parish to any other place, for he will not be long in this world., after my removal.

The reader will be pleased with the following extracts from Mr. Carstairs aforesaid sermons upon Isaiah 57:1-2. where the character of the most eminent, pious, learned, and judicious Mr. Durham is set before us in a due light. And I am persuaded these sermons will he very acceptable to the readers of Mr. Durham's printed discourses.

When Mr. Carstairs earnestly exhorted his hearers in the application of his first sermon, to mind the work that God put in their hands, before they come to die:-- "I must tell you (says he) a word or two of that faithful servant of God Mr. Durham, whose face you have often seen in this place, to the great refreshment of many of your 'hearts, and now shall see him no more. When he was drawing towards a close in a great conflict and agony, finding some difficulty in his passage, yet sensibly, through the strength of God's grace, triumphantly overcame, and was more than a conqueror, by the help of the glorious Captain of his salvation. He cried out in a rapture of holy joy, some little time before he committed his soul to God, Is not the Lord good? Is he not infinitely good? See how he smiles. I do say it, and I proclaim it. I pray you seek to be well grounded and stuffed with the substantials of religion, for at death a number of our flashes and shows will be gone, and in the great bing1 of duties, a little handful of grain will be found. And since by death, O Christians, ye will be taken away, see that ye be very tender in your walk, for miscarriages may meet, and have a dreadful aspect, when you come to die, if God withdraw and hide his face; though ye should die persuaded as to the main matter, that it will be well with you. There may be floods of God's displeasure in your love, and that will make your passage dark as we are very apprehensive the death of the most part page_viii of Christians in this generation, will be right irie2 though they get their souls for a prey. I will not say but God may lay a restraint upon some that have been eminently holy at death, that we may not think of them above that which is meet, and to put all to diligence to make their calling and election sure; but I think the way of the professors of this generation is so ragged, gruff, and untender, that it seems to be brewing a storm to us ere we die.' And in the end of this sermon Mr. Carstairs adds, "I remember a pious man, speaking of the death of a very godly minister, it was asked him what was the disease that brought on his death, and he answered, He died of the judgement of God upon an ungrate people, though in mercy to himself, yet in judgement to them. And therefore, I would have you to confider the greatness of your stroke. I know not if many of you were duly sensible of the benefit you enjoyed under that good man's ministry who is now with the Lord, or if ye be now full sensible of your loss; but sure there are many abroad to whom the report of his death will be very grievous; and it should be much more so to you; and therefore I would have you to confider that there is a pillar hoched3 in Glasgow and it will be of God's mercy if the building come not down next. I know that the Lord stands in no need of us, he can give gifts to whom he pleases and do his work by whom he will; but the anger of the Lord that appears in the present dispensation bids us consider it, and fears least God be provoked to strike yet more.

1 Bing - A heap or pile, esp. of metallic ore or of waste from a mine.
2 irie - affected by a fear of the supernatural.
3 hoched - deprived of support.

In the application of the second sermon he adds, "If the Lord's removal of several serious and sober Christians in this place, within these two years calls for our serious consideration, doth not the removal of a serious and godly minister much more call for it. Let us then take a back-look of the person that is now gone to heaven, and of what God gave him to be eminently useful in the work of the ministry. And I would speak somewhat upon this, partly, to recommend the grace of God that was bestowed upon him, and partly, to work up ourselves to a kindly sense of the great loss we sustain by his death, for I truly think we have not lost an ordinary, but a very extraordinary pastor. May I not then allude to these words of our Saviour, Matthew 11:7,12; which he spoke of John the Baptist, page_ix What went ye out for to see ? A reed shaken with the wind: No such thing, beloved, but a settled and steadfast minister. But what went ye out to see? A man clothed in soft raiment? behold, they that wear soft clothing, are in kings houses; but our worthy friend was an indifferent, dead, and mortified man, to these, and all other earthly things. But what went ye out for to see ? A prophet ? a minister; Yea, I say unto you, and more than a prophet, or an ordinary minister of the gospel. And we would speak a little to this, that ye may be led to look upon what might be the procuring cause to provoke the Lord to remove such a judicious, pious, and eminently gifted minister from us. I need not mention the extraordinary manner in which he was called to the ministry. I doubt if either ye or myself ever knew any man in Scotland, who was so called: when the Lord in some manner said unto him, James, you must leave your good estate, and laird-ship, and even take upon you the feud and of your rich relations. You must be content to be counted a fool, to serve me in this holy calling, and win souls that are in danger of perishing for lake4 of knowledge; he was not disobedient to the heavenly vision, for he entered upon the sacred ministry, with more clearness than any one of a hundred faithful pastors ever did, after much debating of the matter between God and himself.

4 lack

I would have you consider and take a view of his faithfulness in the ministry, which he received of the Lord, not so much for stirring up of our natural affections as for our deep humiliation under this deplorable bereavement. When God had separated him from another employment to this honourable function, we may justify say, to the commendation of God's free grace, that he, seriously and prudently, discharged all the duties of it, to have his great name glorified, and the people under his charge edified, and built up in holiness and comfort, to their eternal salvation. I remember, in some of his good days, when speaking of the Lord's distinguishing goodness to him, what he said unto me, viz, That he had win to compendize and abridge his suits to these four things,
  • That God would show mercy to his own soul.
  • That he would be merciful to his children, and sanctity them for his service.
  • That he would accomplish and make good all page_x his promises in reference to Christ's kingdom.
And that he would make his ministry fruitful and successful; that it might be said of him what Paul said of Timothy, I know no man like minded, that will naturally care for your estate. O the kindly care of the people, and all the churches of Christ, which lay upon his mind. And I may truly say, That the stipend, or any worldly things of his own, were as little valued as the dust he trode upon.

I would have you to consider the full and entire manifestation of God which he made unto you, when he delivered nothing but the purest truth unto us, or he never waved or balked any truths of God. And though he, perhaps, would have been unwilling to say so much of himself, if he had been alive, yet we may warrantably say, after he is now gone from us, That he was free of the blood of all men, For he never shunned to declare the whole counsel of God. Ye yourselves know what variety of Christian duties he pressed you to perform with sincerity, and what religious exercises he encouraged you to persist in; what cases of conscience he judiciously handled, and what rare and sublime experiences of vital religion he recommended, which so sew good Christians even win to.

"Was he not a very seasonable and judicious speaker? Did not God give him the tongue of the learned, to speak a word in season to the faint and weary soul? How seasonable and pertinent were the ordinary subjects of his sermons? And did he not also pitch upon the most suitable, and proper subjects of evangelical preaching, upon fast days, and at the solemn celebration of the Lord's supper? Was he not also a very candid and searching preacher? He would have been, in an instant, in the inmost corners of your bosoms, with the utmost caution and meekness, without giving any of his hearers the smallest ground to fret and repine at his freedom in dealing with them. Do ye not remember what particular, and just up-takings and apprehensions he discovered of your various circumstances and conditions, and how he wisely ranked you in your several classes, to let you know whether you were in a good or bad state? Do ye remember any of his wholesome instructions, when he preached upon these memorable passages of the inspired writings? Matthew 12:17. We have piped unto you, and ye have not danced. We have mourned page_xi to you, and ye have not lamented. Revelation 3:3. Thou hast a name to live, and art dead. Hosea 6:4. O Ephraim, what shall 1 do unto thee? for your goodness is as the morning cloud, and the early dew, it passes away. And how seasonably did he discourse at your last communion, upon Matthew 26:29. I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father's kingdom? and so it hath come to pass. Was he not a faithful and free-speaker, in secret admonishing, and reproving with meekness and wisdom? Gentlemen, burgesses, and all that now hear me, you may remember the words which he spoke unto you in the name of the Lord, both in public and private; and though he is not now amongst you, to observe your walk and behaviour, and call you to an account for it, yet God hath it recorded, and will surely bring you unto judgement. How pertinently and seriously did he speak unto the sick and dying, according to their several circumstances; and could not leave them till he had exonerated himself, by communicating unto them what he judged or their good and welfare: and his brethren who visited them, could easily know, how he had spoken to them, when ever they conversed with them. Did he not also frequently and fervently pray unto God for you? He might have justly laid, as did Jeremiah, Remember (says he to his Maker) how I stood before thee to speak good for this people, and to turn away thy wrath from them. And we know in particular, how this devout man set apart one day in every week for solemn supplication to his heavenly Father, these several years bypast, and surely, at these times ye were not forgotten. Ye are now deprived of an eminent intercessor at the throne of divine grace, whole soul wept often in secret, for the pride and obstinacy of the people who would not receive the gospel. Ye likewise know how faithful, dexterous, and impartial he was in the exercise of church discipline amongst you. Ye know how he exemplified the truth of the gospel, and the genuine spirit of our holy religion in his own personal walk and behaviour; and that his conversation among you, was in every respect becoming the gospel he preached. Ye know the consummate wisdom and prudence God gave him in all things, which belonged to his station and calling as a gentleman, and a minister of the glorious gospel; for he loved not to meddle with any thing which was foreign or unsuitable to the pastoral office. And we may thankfully declare, as an eminent instance of God's goodness to this city of Glasgow, that we have been keeped in the most wonderful calm, and lived in great amity and peace there eight years bypast, when he was with us, though we were as much predisposed, and in danger of being consumed by these woeful fires of division and strife that were burning our church, as any other Christians were. And if we can commend any proper mean of healing such distempers, or promoting peace and unity among all ranks, we cannot sufficiently extol and celebrate his incomparable moderation, prudence, meekness, lowliness, and integrity. It will be a signal mercy if we be kept so long again from some kind of reeling, confusion, and schism; and if ever we see again these woeful days, we will bemoan the want of one of his cementing, peaceable, and healing spirit. Was he not, in a word, a mercy5 and substantial preacher, who gave us the marrow, yea, the very pith and kernel of the gospel; he delivered very much sound divinity in little bounds, and in few words. Ye that are the common people, are deprived by his death of a plain and easily understood preacher. Ye that are sore troubled in spirit, and exercised, ye want a very tender and sympathizing guide. Ye that are learned and wise, want a learned minister, who was well instructed in the mysteries and laws of Christianity, the most valuable learning I know. Ye that are proud, covetous, or wicked, now want a teacher that would have exposed your corruptions, and might have been a blessed mean of reforming you, and reclaiming you from your dangerous mistakes and errors, without fretting and irritating you.

5 merchy – not a preacher who presented things in great depth.

2dly, I would have you, also, to consider the time wherein the Lord was pleased to remove him from us: and surely, no period of time might be pitched upon, when he could be worse spared, though we should not murmur against God's awfullest dispensations of providence. This is a time of trouble, division, confusion, and giddiness. God had given our deceased pastor a spirit of healing and incomparable moderation. This is a time, when even some ministers among us, are too slothful and careless, and page_xiii seem to be too little acquainted with the power of true godliness, and have too little concern for the welfare of precious souls; and seem to be afraid that their people should turn too serious under their inspection. We have even amongst us some dumb dogs that cannot bark, but are afraid to reprove any sin, or endeavour to reclaim their hearers from it, or to acquaint them with religious exercises. I might also observe, that our friend was cut off in the thirty-sixth year of his age, in the very prime and vigour of his age, and singular gifts. How remarkably were his gifts and graces increased these several years bypast and how remarkably did he plead his Master's cause with the strength of sanctified reason, and the energy of religion? and how faithfully did he deal with every one of your consciences, and recommended himself to every hearer as a workman that needed not be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. If the removal of such a serious, painful, and able minister of the New Testament, at such a time, when he was an eye-sore and burden, to some carnal and negligent ministers, who reside amongst us, seems an evident token of the Lord's fierce displeasure, we should sadly bewail it. Do ye not remember that remarkable sermon ye heard, not very long ago, upon Christ's own words, All things are ready, come ye to the marriage; you cannot readily expect to see the word of salvation hang lower down to you, nor it was at that time, and the good bargain concluded ; but his works, and this sermon, when printed, will sufficiently praise him. I would have you also to consider, 

3dly, The manner how God removed this faithful servant of our Redeemer. He had a pretty long and sharp conflict, and was a closs6 prisoner under (even months sore sickness and sadness, and some measure of darkness, tho’ he had no reason to be doubtful of his good state, and his right to the heavenly inheritance. But the Lord brought him comfortably through all his trials, and delivered him from all the evil he feared. If it was so done to the green tree, what will he done to withered, fruitless and untender7 Christians, that are but dry and barren trees, whose interest in Christ was never put to the trial, or satisfactorily cleared. Let us at the same time page_xiv 

6 closs - close.
7 untender - not having a tender conscience. 

4thly, Consider the glorious and happy out-gate or deliverance he met with from all his sharp conflicts and trials, and how cheerfully and triumphantly he maintained his good hope, till he resigned calmly his spirit to his blessed Father's hands, and entered into the joy of his Lord, Mark the perfect, behold the upright, for the latter end of that man is peace. But this is so well known to you that I need not insist longer upon it. 

5thly, Consider what might have been matter of provocation on our part, to remove such an useful instrument at this time. He had such a healing disposition, that no person was better fitted for these divided times (as we hope will appear in his treatise upon Scandal, which will be printed as his last testament to the church of Scotland) as he had much of God's mind in these things that were warmly debated, so he interposed for the cementing of the unhappy differences amongst us, though his overtures for peace and union were but too little regarded. I think in my conscience, that God was angry, when the jealousies of both parties hindered them from hearkening to, and laying so little weight upon what he proposed, on the account of his moderation, and that he was laid by for some years, as one little regarded. Well, says God, I will remove him, and see if ye can be better without him than with him. I speak it without disparagement to many eminent servants of God in Scotland, that I never knew any minister more fitted of God for healing our differences, and breaches than he was, as he was never actually engaged in either side, nor bigoted to their sentiments. And I may also observe, That though he was eminently qualified for teaching divinity, in this university, and was chosen to be their professor, and even loosed from another charge to enter upon this work, yet, when he returned again to Glasgow, after he had been sometime chaplain to the king's family, he was not admitted to the profession of divinity, when he offered to serve God in that eminent station. I do not desire to be mistaken, as that chair is filled to edification; but these men may be afflicted with no small concern, who closed the door upon such a valuable instrument, for who knows what good might have been done to the candidates for the holy ministry, these eight years bypast. It is also well known, that when God had page_xv withdrawn him a while from this place, and he was in a capacity as well as willing to come back again; and addresses were made to him for this purpose, yet some endeavoured to prevent his return to us. Ye know what supplications and protestations were given in to the session against his coming, tho' these persons professed no ground of dissatisfaction with him: and for as little as some think of that protestation that was offered against his admission, it will he remembered many years hence, and even in the day of judgement. Let all such as had a hand in it repent, and lay it to heart. Consider also, If the little prayer and wrestling, these seven months past, during his sickness, amongst us, tho' God was waiting on our prayers, might not have contributed to provoke God to deprive us of such a blessing. This event might have induced his people to set apart a day, yea, several days for humiliation and prayer, that this was not done. I may also observe, That the little welcome the gospel he dispensed had among too many, might provoke God to take him away. God was indeed pleased to remove another minister in the prime of his days, when multitudes seemed to idolize him, to teach us not to glory in man, or think of any pastor more than is meet. But how many in this congregation stood out, and yet stand out against the calls of the gospel? How few were gained to Christ? how many wearied of the gospel, and Christ's ministers, as they were loath to be plainly dealt with, or even reproved for wrongs done to God, and overliness or negligence in the things of religion. They said, Micah 2:6. to the prophets, Prophesy not, and they shall not prophesy. Many a fair day of the Son of man hath been in Glasgow, many a fair, free, and sweet offer of the gospel (so savoury and comfortable to God's children) have been waved and rejected by many hearers of this gospel. This is the great cause of this terrible stroke, our judgement carries our sin engraves upon it. Were not two serious, spiritual, and eminent ministers taken from you in one month? Three shepherds, as we read Zechariah 11, I also cut off in one month, and my soul loathed them, and their soul also abhored me. Then said I, I will not feed you; that which dieth, let it die: and that which is to be cut of, let it be cut of; and let the rest eat every one the flesh of another. May God graciously prevent such a judgement. page_xvi But the cold reception the gospel got here, hath provoked God to do all as he hath done at present with us. I have heard this faithful servant of God, he hath now translated to heaven, complain often, that when he came to preach in his own church, he saw not the face of a congregation, and that he came seldom to, the pulpit, but he feared some tumult among the people in running away from him. He also said, some little time before his last sickness, he was afraid the Lord had recalled his commission to Glasgow, and that his work among them was coming to an end. I am sorry indeed to say such things, but when such a judicious, and well skilled dispenser of the word was despised, it was just in God to take him to himself. Doth not God threaten some famine of the bread of life, when such a skilful and wise steward, that gave every one his portion in due season, is now taken out of his house? Ye know how skilfully he could have ranked you all, and gave your bread in great plenty; and who knows but our sun is now going down. 

In the last sermon, the day when Mr. Durham's body was laid in the grave (upon the same text) Mr. Carstairs adds, "I renew the exhortation. Overlook not this melancholy dispensation, viz, the removal of a very pious man and minister, as useful a minister as ever we had amongst us, or ever ye will see, Know ye not that there is a prince, and a great man fallen in Israel. May I not say on better grounds, Know ye not that there is a prince among pastors fallen today, a steward, a faithful and wise steward, that knew well how to give God's children their food in due season, a gentle and kind nurse, a faithful admonisher, reprover, and warner of every one of you; a skilful counsellor in all your straits, and difficulties, and dark matters: He was eyes to the blind, feet to the lame; a burning and shining light in this dark world; an interpreter of the word among a thousand; to him men gave ear, and after his words no man spoke again." 

From what I have faithfully transcribed from these sermons of the reverend and worthy Mr. Carstairs, and from the collectors of some memorable particulars of Mr. Durham's life, the reader will see how much this great man was esteemed for his incomparable wisdom, humanity, goodness, integrity, gravity, moderation, humility, meekness, and all other page_xvii Christian virtues, which were eminently fortified and supported, by his unaffected piety and devotion. His discourses, both in print and in manuscript are undoubted specimens of the sound divinity, and the most extensive learning, and his intimate acquaintance with all the fundamental doctrines and laws of genuine Christianity; his foresaid friend re-grates8 he was unpopular, and less followed than some ministers greatly inferior to him in learning, and ministerial abilities; this might be owing to the weakness of his voice, or some other trivial circumstance in the manner of communicating his sentiments; or to his prudent gravity and abstraction from the world, and not to any thing that could depreciate his unparalleled worth and sufficiency. It hath been observed by some, that the most judicious, learned, honest, and pious ministers, have been frequently less admired, and followed by the common people, than some that have been vastly inferior to them, but have been more fervent in the delivery of their sermons. It is observed by the publishers of Mr. Durham's Exposition of the Revelation, That he was so grave and composed at all times, that he very seldom smiled, or laughed at any thing. The reverend Mr. William Guthrie, minister at Finwick met with him in a gentleman's house near Glasgow, sometime before his last sickness, and observing him somewhat dull, endeavoured to force him to smile and laugh, by his facetious and pleasant conversation. Mr. Durham was somewhat disgusted at this innocent freedom of Mr. Guthrie, and displeased with himself, that he was so merry. But when Mr. Guthrie, agreeable to the laudable custom of that family, and at their desire, prayed with the greatest seriousness, composure, and devout liveliness; so when they rose from prayer, Mr. Durham tenderly embraced him, and said to him, O William, you are a happy man, if I had been so merry as you was before you went to pray, I could not have been serious, or in a frame for prayer, or any other religious exercise for two days.—The same writer also observes, That he was so much respected by his neighbouring gentlemen, on the account of his prudence and integrity, when he was in the North country, that he was commonly chosen as an arbitrator and judge, to decide any thing that was controverted and debated; and he had the blessing of the peace-maker, for his sentence was always cordially submitted unto by the contending page_xviii parties; Unto him (as we read Job 29:21-22, 25.) men gave ear, they waited, and kept silence at his counsel. After his words they spoke not again. He chose out their way, and sat chief, he dwelt as a king in the country, and as one that comforteth the mourners.—Mr. Durham's judicious hearers observed, That he was very devout in all the parts of his ministerial work, and very fervent and lively, when he was to dispense the Lord's supper, greatly fearing least any should eat and drink unworthily at these solemn occasions. He spoke, in some manner, as a man that had been in heaven, and made glorious displays of the riches of God's grace, to all who heard him. And though he spoke little to some that proposed their cases to him, when grieved in spirit, but heard them patiently, in private, yet he did not neglect to handle, and answer them very judiciously and skilfully in his public sermons. 

8 regrets. 

I cannot conclude this lame account of his life, without taking some notice of his valuable writings, which he left behind him. Mr. Carstairs, his brother in law, revised and published his lectures upon the Revelation of John, September 23. 1658. : this book was prepared for the press sometime before he died; and to make it more complete and edifying, at the importunity of his friends, he annexed to it twenty five discourses, upon some important subjects, by way of digression, which are all interspersed through the book, wherein, he discovers his profound learning, and intimate acquaintance with the most intricate and momentous branches of divinity. And, in his last sickness, he told his friends, That he had found God sensibly assisting and carrying him through, far beyond his own expectation, during the time of writing this commentary upon the Revelation. He kept two days every week for fasting and prayer, for discovering the Lord's mind, when he was composing and writing these excellent discourses. There is a manuscript yet preserved of this work, which contains sundry judicious observations and notes, not in the printed copy. Mr. Carstairs also carefully revised and published Mr. Durham's sermons upon the fifty-third chapter of Isaiah, in quarto; and his sermons upon death, in octavo. His communion sermons; his Exposition on the Ten Commandments; Heaven upon Earth, or Sermons upon a Good Conscience; his sermons upon Godliness, with a large preface upon the necessity page_xix of exercising ourselves unto godliness, by the foresaid Mr. Carstairs. There is a manuscript copy of this book, with some account both of Mr. Durham and Carstairs, among the curious and large collection of manuscripts, which the deceased Mr. Robert Wodrow, late minister at Eastwood purchased, which are yet preserved in that part of his library; it hath this title, The Great Gain of contenting Godliness recommended in three Sermons, with that choice part of godliness, Self-denial, an indispensable requisite for the whole of its exercise, and notably fitting for taking the cross, and bearing it after Christ, in seven sermons; wherein that transcriber warmly recommends both the sermons and preface to the perusal of all serious and good Christians. 

Sometime after, Mr. Durham's valuable Treatise of Scandal, and his Exposition upon the Song of Solomon were also printed. These works already noticed, have been so often printed, and are so well known, and esteemed in this church, that it is needless to say any thing, to recommend them to the perusal of good Christians. 

There are many other sermons of this great and good man, not yet printed, in the above mentioned library, and other hands, which I have seen; particularly, three sermons upon resisting the Holy Ghost, Acts 7:51; eight sermons upon quenching the spirit, 1Thessalonians 5:17; five upon grieving the Spirit, Ephesians 4:30; thirteen upon delighting and trusting in God, Psalm 37:4-5; two sermons against inordinate anxiety and thoughtfulness about worldly things, Matthew 6:31-32. ; eight sermons upon the one thing needful, Luke 10:41-42. and a discourse upon ejaculatory prayer, Nehemiah 2:4.; to which are annexed, three sermons preached immediately after his death, upon Isaiah 57:1-2. by Mr. Carstairs, and some sermons of Mr. Andrew Gray, and others, all bound in a large folio volume. I have also seen his sermons upon the four last chapters of the Song, in two large volumes. And a worthy minister in this church told me, that he had seen Mr. Durham's sermons upon all the verses of Solomon's Song, in five large quarto volumes. I might also mention what is in some private hands, Mr. Durham's sermons upon, Ephesians 5:15-201Corinthians 9:24-25Luke 1:6Galatians 5:16Psalm 119:67, 97, 1131Thessalonians 5:19-231Peter 3:14Matthew 8:7-8-9. Also his Exposition of the first fifty Psalms.